The wood gives a special touch to the boats made with this material. However, it requires a rigorous maintenance to prolong its durability, especially in the face of the effects of saltpeter that can degrade its composition and affect the structure of the boat, which can cause the wood to rot and begin to leak, something very dangerous when sailing.
Detect the problem that the wooden boat has
At the time of maintenance of the wooden ships, it is necessary to detect the problems that their structure has to avoid that they may arise. Therefore, it is a priority to extract all the wood from the boat that is decomposed or rotten and thus does not affect healthy wood. To corroborate if the wood is rotten, it may be discolored or have a texture that presents undulations. It may also darken or have a marked saturation of humidity in some sections. In general, this kind of revisions cost 700 euros (prices as of July 16, 2011).
Ways to avoid these problems
The filtrations can be sealed with varnish or sealant, compounds that before being applied on the surface, the wood should be sanded. But if the condition is very broad, chemical products such as thinner should be used to remove the paint. After this, you have to wash the wood so that it is not impregnated with Thinner that can cost 25 euros a gallon (prices as of July 16, 2011).
At the time of painting, you must first apply a layer of products to coat wood. After this you should paint about 5 or 6 times to make it look good, something that should not be done on days where there is not much wind. There are companies that are dedicated to performing these tasks for a price that varies according to the length of the boat. In general, the least that is charged is 1,000 euros (prices as of July 16, 2011).
The importance of varnishing wood
It does not matter if they are wooden sailboats, wooden yachts, classic boats or electric boats. All boats made of wood should be varnished. Before using it, the Thinner must be used to remove all old varnish. Then on the surface, you can put at least 6 coats of varnish to make it perfect, making sure that the brush does not form air bubbles so they do not impede a perfect result. If the work is done on a very cold day, it should be done in the sunniest hours so that the varnish dries as soon as possible and condensations on the wooden surface are avoided.